Maintaining an appropriate focus on science and technology solutions as they relate to incident management is essential to the ability to prepare for, prevent, respond to, and recover from an emergency. Systems must be compatible and integrated for optimal response. In this course, inter-operability, common communications, data standards, digital data formats, warning systems, geographic information technologies, and equipment and design standards will be covered. Strategic planning for intelligence sharing and the protection of critical infrastructure will be the focal points. The development of testing mechanisms to evaluate these protocols and guidelines will be emphasized.